Workshop for Samsung Electronics Business Partners: Modern Slavery and Ethical Recruitment

Samsung Electronics and IOM have hosted a workshop for Samsung’s Hungarian business partners on “Modern Slavery and Ethical Recruitment" on 26th November 2019. The workshop was attended by 35 participants from Samsung Hungary, local suppliers and other business partners, and was designed to raise awareness of how to reduce the business risks associated with modern slavery. 
 
The Budapest workshop is the second workshop held by Samsung Electronics and IOM as part of an ongoing effort to address modern slavery in the electronics industry. It follows an earlier workshop held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, in June 2019.
 
Both workshops aimed to raise awareness within the company and its business partners of the labour rights of migrant workers in its supply chains. Samsung’s commitment to prevent, identify and mitigate unethical recruitment practices is laid out in its Migrant Worker Guidelines. 
 
The workshop included presentations by Samsung on its Migrant Worker Guidelines and basic workers’ rights, and by IOM on the characteristics, industry specific risks of modern slavery and Hungary’s legal frameworks to prevent forced labour. Business cases for taking action to counter modern slavery and strategies for ethical recruitment were also discussed. 
 
Mitigating the risks of modern slavery in supply chains varies in different contexts. IOM’s global presence allows it to partner with the private sector to promote ethical recruitment for effective human rights management. Samsung Electronics will continue its efforts to tackle modern slavery and promote workers’ rights in its global supply chain with IOM support.
 

BACKGROUND
Over the world, there are around 40 million victims of modern slavery and a number of victims are within the global supply chains.  Many migrant workers are often exploited by unscrupulous labour brokers or recruitment agencies that charge workers with excessive fees, provide misleading information about the job, and impose control over workers through measures such as retaining workers’ identity documents.

While exploitation may occur outside the knowledge of the employer or limited to the lower tiers of the supply chains, companies still remain accountable and responsible. Over the years, many multinational corporations (MNCs) and their suppliers have experienced legal action, reputational and financial damage by allegations of modern slavery within their supply chain. Although government authorities in several countries including the United Kingdom, the Unites States, and others have enacted laws to eliminate modern slavery and demand greater actions from MNCs, migrant workers remain vulnerable due to a variety of factors. 

The electronics industry is particularly at risk due to the multiple and complex layers of suppliers. In 2016, the Guardian accused Samsung Electronics of labour abuses within its supply chain in Malaysia especially of migrant workers from Nepal. In response to the discoveries of unethical recruitment, Samsung Electronics announced the development of the “Samsung Migrant Worker Guidelines” at the end of 2017. Furthermore, as an action that stemmed from discussion with IOM ROK partnership in promoting ethical recruitment in its supply chain, the company conducted ethical recruitment training for suppliers in Malaysia in June 2019. 

According to the article from Emerging-Europe, Central European countries recently have been facing shortages of work force due to decreasing child population and the young generation’s increasing demand for higher wages. Daily news in Hungary has reported that migrant workers are flooding to Hungary to meet labour shortages. Despite migrant workers being vital for economic growth, many of them still remain at risk of exploitation and modern slavery. The global estimates for 2018 indicate that in the Eastern Europe and Central Asia region, there are a total of approximately 3.6 million victims, and this translates into a prevalence of 3.9 per 1,000 persons, highest of any region in the world. The Global Slavery index estimates 91% of those in modern slavery are victims of forced labour. Also, the Global Slavery Index shows that the estimated number of victims in Hungary is 36,000.
Given the statistics, to lessen risks of modern slavery and promote ethical recruitment in its supply chain in Hungary, Samsung Electronics in collaboration with IOM, envisages to implement trainings to promote ethical recruitment in its supply chains. 

FORMAT
IOM and Samsung Electronics will conduct a workshop to help the participants to gain better understanding of i) International standards and best practices on combating modern slavery, and ii) ethical recruitment practices to address forced labour in their supply chain.

EXPECTED OUTCOMES
The workshop will help participants to have better understandings of:
•    Overview of Modern slavery 
•    Understanding industry specific vulnerabilities (Electronics industry)
•    The business case for taking action to end modern slavery 
•    Understanding Samsung Migrant Worker Guidelines and basic workers’ rights 
•    Understanding the concept and strategies of ethical recruitment in supply chain 

TARGET AUDIENCE
The target group will be around 30 staffs who work in management and human resources in its factories and suppliers in the country.
 

Time

Session

Facilitator

08:00 - 08:15

Welcome remarks

Samsung Hungary

08:15 - 08:40

Session 1 - Samsung Modern Slavery Policies

Samsung Hungary

08:40 - 10:00

Session 2 - Modern slavery and migrant workers

Youlan No | Project Support Associate, IOM ROK

10:00 - 10:15

Break

10:15 - 11:30

Session 3 - Business case for taking action

Youlan No | Project Support Associate, IOM ROK

11:30 - 11:40

Break

11:40 – 12:40

Session 4 - Regulatory framework in Hungary

Eszter Boda | Project Assistant, IOM Hungary

12:40 – 13:50

Lunch

13:50 – 15:05

Session 5.1 - Strategies to mitigate risks of modern slavery

Maximilian Pottler | Project Manager, IOM VietNam

15:05 – 15:20

Break

15:20 - 16:35

Session 5.2 - Strategies to mitigate risks of modern slavery

Maximilian Pottler | Project Manager, IOM VietNam

16:35 - 16:50

Break

16:50 - 17:10

- Q&A
- Closing

Maximilian Pottler | Project Manager, IOM VietNam

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